Thursday May 24, 14.00-22.00
An important city of ancient Pamphylia, Perge was
originally settled by the Hittites around 1500 BC.
St. Paul preached some of his first sermons here.
One can see the ruins of the antique theatre (capacity
12,000 people), its stage has marble reliefs about
the life of Dionysos, a stadium
for 12,000 people; remains of the first church
built in Perge, an agora, which has dimensions of
76x76m and it's surrounded by Corinthian colums, in
the middle of it there is a round temple of Tyche (2nd
century A.D.); a basilica - another structure from
Christian Era with three entrances; a Roman Bath,
and Hellenistic gates. Perge is also
the birth-place of Apollonius, the mathematician
who is author of a famous treatise on geometry.
Aspendos Theatre is the best-preserved theater of
antiquity, with seating for 15,000. Still used
today, the theater's galleries, stage decorations
and acoustics all testify to the architect's
success. Nearby stand the remains of a basilica, agora
and one of the largest aqueducts in Anatolia.
It is believed that Aspendos was founded by
colonists from Argos. In the 6th century B.C. the
Lydians reigned here until they were defeated by
In 333 B.C. Alexander the
Great came to Pamphylia and invaded the city. In 190
B.C. Aspendos was Pergamonian. Then it fell into the
hands of the Romans. Most of the huge buildings of
the city date back from that period.
The architect Zenon built the well-preserved theatre
in the 2nd century A.D. during the reign of Emperor
Marcus Aurelius, from Aspendos. The auditorium has
a semicircular form and a diameter of 95 metres
(285 feet). The well-preserved scena building is
30 metres (90 feet) high.